Friday, July 3, 2020
Reflection On Possible Change Of Research Questions (Essay Sample) Content: Article ReflectionNameInstitutionReflection on possible change of research questionsOne of the possible questions to this research is the investigation of the relationship between the auditor's committee and the finance and accounting department. Also, the study can focus on solutions to challenges faced by the management to meet the stakeholders expected remunerations. It will incorporate scrutiny on the risks posed to the auditor on the misstated financial statements by failure to comply stakeholders targeted earning. The proposal can cover the impacts or effects of CEO on selections of audit committee which is supposed to be an independent team. The report should examine whether the auditors follow and stick to auditing standards since its functions are influenced by the CEO (Sherer Turley, 2008). Another research question which is applicable I this study is about the impacts of submitting the audit report to the management instead of the auditing committee. It wi ll cover the effectiveness of the auditing process since it does not follow the required channel for review of the final auditing report.Reflection on appropriateness of theories usedThe theory of management is applicable in this study. To be precise, this theory postulates that the boards are always in companion under the influence of administration and merely occur to justify regulatory necessities. It also outlines that the board to be a separate operating unit outside the management. Therefore, with this knowledge of the management theory, it is much appropriate for applicability to this exploration. From the article, the CEO is in control of the auditors board activities from the selection process to their functions in the auditing process (Jeffrey Arnold, 2011). The theory tries to correct the CEO motives since it supports independence of board from the management of the organization. The theory of management illustrates the duties of every department and how they should get conducted. Therefore it is very vital in this study since it corrects the wrong delegation of tasks to the wrong people like the review of final auditing report.The accountability theory is essential in this research. The theory states that the auditors of public corporations are needed to submit their findings to the audit committee and not the management. The article goes contrary to this approach by requiring the auditors to provide their report to the CEO who is the head of the administration and not the audit committee. In essence, auditors will recognize that they are responsible to the audit committee and adapt their compromise to what they identify the audit board would acknowledge. For instance, having an efficient and affianced audit board, the team of auditors will stick to their duties and responsibilities to eliminate being viewed to have a negative impact on the company. In the investigation, it does not precisely measure clear accountability. Therefore the theory com es in the study to br...
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
For as long as people have had disagreements, there have been social classes divided by both ethnicity and wealth. The rigid social structure formed by these disparate groups often hurts the lower rungs of society, who many times end up disparaged by the rest of society. In S.E. Hintons book, The Outsiders, the main character, Ponyboy Curtis, tries to combat the social separation between the Greasers, presented as poor gang members, and the Socs, depicted as rich and out of trouble. In the book Ponyboy, a Greaser, tries to escape murdering a Soc in self-defence. In Khaled Hosseinis novel, The Kite Runner, Hosseini illustrates the effect of the social and political strife on the country and its people through Amir, a rich Pashtun SunniÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦His blue eyes flicked to Hassan. Afghanistan is the land of Pashtuns. It always has been, always will be. We are the true Afghans, the pure Afghans, not this Flat-Nose here. His people pollute our homeland, our watan. They dirty our blood. He made a sweeping, grandiose gesture with his hands. Afghanistan for Pashtuns, I say. Thats my vision (Hosseini 40). Within Hintons novel, the Greasers are continually clashing with the Socs due to the Socs being rich. They consider the Greasers Ã¢â¬Å"low-browÃ¢â¬ and then jump and generally look down on them. Ã¢â¬Å"Most of my friends at school come from good homes, not filthy-rich like the Socs, but middle-class, anyway (Hinton 163).Ã¢â¬ Although the setting and the forms of the social partitions are depicted very differently in each novel, the eventual realization is made by the main character in both books end up being very similar. Ponyboy realizes that all the constant fighting made between the Socs and the Greasers ended being futile, only causing detriment to both the upper class Socs and the poor Greasers. Ã¢â¬Å"Johnny didnt even try to grin at him. Ã¢â¬ËUseless... fightings no good....Ã¢â¬â¢ He was awful white (Hinton 148).Ã¢â¬ Even though this is not Ponyboy but his close friend, Ponyboy later makes the same realization. I would. Id help her and Randy both, if I could. Hey, I said suddenly, can you see the sunset real good from the West Side? She blinked, startled, then smiled. Real good. Ã¢â¬Å"You canShow MoreRelatedLiterary Criticism : The Free Encyclopedia 7351 Words Ã |Ã 30 PagesRalph Ellison (1952) In the Castle of My Skin, by George Lamming (1953) Goodbye, Columbus, by Philip Roth (1959) A Separate Peace, by John Knowles (1959) To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee (1960) Dune, by Frank Herbert (1965) The Outsiders, by S. E. Hinton (1967) A Wizard of Earthsea, by Ursula K. Le Guin (1968) I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou (1969) Bless Me, Ultima, by Rudolfo Anaya (1972) The World According to Garp, by John Irving (1978) The Discovery ofRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesSUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL 24 Diagnostic Survey and Exercises 24 Personal Assessment of Management Skills (PAMS) 24 What Does It Take to Be an Effective Manager? 28 SSS Software In-Basket Exercise 30 SCORING KEY AND COMPARISON DATA 42 Personal Assessment of Management Skills 42 Scoring Key 42 Comparison Data 42 What Does It Take to Be an Effective Manager? 43 SSS Software In-Basket Exercise 43 PART I 1 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 45 DEVELOPING SELF-AWARENESS SKILL ASSESSMENT 46 Diagnostic Surveys for
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Secondhand smoke kills: Should smoking be banned in public? Cigarettes have caused harm to society and the economy for the past twenty years. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re not causing a harm to just the people who proceed to use them, but to those who are around it as well. Cigarettes have copious effects on active smokers, and even have tremendous long-term effects on nonsmokers. The entryway that causes effects for active smokers is called Ã¢â¬Ëmainstream smokeÃ¢â¬â¢ and what causes effects for nonsmokers is called Ã¢â¬Ësecondhand smokeÃ¢â¬â¢. Second hand smoke is just as harmful as smoking and leads to a higher prevalence of cancer and heart disease, causing it to be very dangerous for anybody around a smoker. Second hand smoke, or better known as SHS, is the hazardousÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A well-known chemical is Ã¢â¬ËCarbon Monoxide.Ã¢â¬â¢ Carbon Monoxide is an extremely hazardous chemical when inhaled. It supersedes oxygen in the blood, and it takes away oxygen from the heart, brain, and other vital organs. Copious amounts of carbon monoxide can and WILL overpower anybody within minutes without them even knowing it-causing people to lose consciousness and even suffocate. That being said, cigarettes contain about over 4,000 chemicals including 43 known carcinogenic (cancer-causing) compounds and 400 other toxins. Carbon Monoxide isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only one, Cigarette ingredients include chemicals known as: nicotine, tar, formaldehyde, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, arsenic, DDT, and carbon monoxide. Active smokers inhale about 35% of the chemicals, leaving 65% being inhaled by others. Which causes them to inhale carbon monoxide and other toxins, leaving them to be moribund with ab solutely no choice. Secondhand smoke doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t affect specific people, it can affect anyone. Anybody can inhale SHS: adults, children, adolescents, pets, and even infants. Secondhand smoke is a risk to anybody and everybody, even the smokers themselves. Research has proven that SHS is the cause for tens of thousands of deaths every year for a nonsmoker. Some death rate statistics have shown that there has been 3,400 lung cancer related deaths, and an estimated 46,000 heart disease deaths. They are now proving that this could be another major cause for breast
Friday, May 15, 2020
Gender The dynamic between male and female is extremely complex. Over the course of human history, men have primarily dominated over women in nearly every aspect of human interaction and daily life. Despite the large progress that has been made in recent decades, women are still heavily subordinated by the male gender both in the workforce and in the private sphere. Examples of this domination of men can be seen in many aspects of everyday life including: interpersonal and social interaction, family, among peers, in education, and in the media. The interpersonal and social interaction of male and female is proven to be highly dominated by the male gender. The ways that people describe one another are based on the differences that are identifiable by physical and mental individualities. Richardson uses language to illustrate interaction which is ingrained in the psychology of the society. Men are stronger than women and therefore it is mankind which dominates. This is also illustrated in th e iconography of advertising where women are often seen handcuffed, gagged, and in some way physically suppressed by the dominant male. Society is patriarchal and male domination is a factor in everything, including the family setting. In the past, the father was seen as the authority figure and disciplinarian while the mothers job was to cook and clean. This is visible in advertising where the proper woman is wife and mother, cleaning house in heels and pearls while cooking aShow MoreRelatedThe Social Dynamics Between Men And Women Of The 1920s1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslover s passion, his devotion, his doggedness, but in life, especially today, wouldn t we call them stalkers and stop far short of praising their virtues? It is often difficult to draw a fine line between both a romantic and a fool. I have not really studied the social dynamics between men and women of the 1920s, but to todayÃ¢â¬â¢s standards Jay Gatsby stands more toward a fool.The general argument made by many c ritics of Jay Gatsby is his efforts to pronounce his undying love towards Daisy BuchananRead MoreAnalysis Of Beyond The Veil By Fatima Mernissi1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespundits specifically by men for their own personal benefits. In Fatima MernissiÃ¢â¬â¢s book Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society, Fatima Mernissi focuses on sexual relations between men and women and how it effects societal dynamics. In the novel, Fatima Mernissi attempts to narrate the sexual inequality of women in the Muslim world and explores deeply in male-female relationships as a component of the Muslim society. She fears that the involvement between a man and a woman, whichRead MoreFeminism In Beyond The Veil1305 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespundits specifically by men for their own personal benefits. In Fatima MernissiÃ¢â¬â¢s book Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Muslim Society, Fatima Mernissi focuses on sexual relations between men and women and how it effects societal dynamics. In the novel, Fatima Mernissi attempts to narrate the sexual inequality of women in the Muslim world and explores deeply in male-female relationships as a component of the Muslim society. She fears that the involvement between a man and a woman, whichRead More`` What Athleticism Is This, That Those Her Golden Tresses By Edmund Spenser989 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestresses by Edmund Spenser is a fascinating poem describing the dynamics of desire that surround men and women. There are distinct differences between men and women, especially in how they attract one another and how they make decisions. Through this poem I felt that Spenser is expressing the beauty that women may harness to attract a man to be her mate. Spenser compares women to hunters when he describes the tactic used by women to attract men. Spenser formerly goes on to describe the feelings that comeRead MoreAn Analysis Of Susan Glaspell s Trifles 1606 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe play Trifles written by Susan Glasp ell is a mystery story of a murder that takes place in a small farming town. At the time the play was written women in the united states were still not given the opportunity to vote. It is through the mystery of this murder that we find the role of gender to be a major factor throughout the entirety of the play. In the play, we are given tandems of females and males to follow as they seek to solve the mystery of how Mrs. WrightÃ¢â¬â¢s husband was murdered. TheRead MoreIs Sexism Still a Force in Our Culture?1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin Our Culture? Sexism against women has been prevalent for hundreds of years, despite the fact that there is nothing inherently sexist about human existence, or that of other animals. In fact, there exist a number of animal species that are not sexist, and the sustained prevalence of sexism among humans is a topic that necessitates investigation. This paper examines sexism as it relates to contemporary culture, with particular emphasis paid to whether women have overcome the oppression that theyRead More Property as Feminist Dynamic in Weltys Delta Wedding Essay examples1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Property as Feminist Dynamic in Weltys Delta Weddingnbsp;nbsp; In our traditionally patriarchal society, primogeniture is the norm for inheritance of property. For anyone other than a first-born son to inherit the family estate is unusual. Even more unusual is inheritance by women, who in many localities were forbidden from owning property. Thus, the pattern of inheritance which Robbie notes in Delta Wedding is a significant departure from cultural norms. Eudora Welty depicts a domesticRead MoreSimone De Beauvoir And Frantz Fanon And The Oppression Of Women1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSecond Sex.Ã¢â¬ De Beauvoir tackles the oppression of women. While not a minority, women are written out of society by a more dominant male society, and experience oppression like that felt by the minority. Like minority groups, women are relegated to a status of Ã¢â¬Å"othernessÃ¢â¬ in society, which defines them as outside the bounds of the accepted and controlling group, men. De Beauvoir was a revolutionary academic and advocate for the cause of women, at a time when such a cause was minimal. As such anRead MoreEssay on Gender and Sexuality897 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat does it take to be a man or a woman? Our sense organs alone do not determine whether we are men or women. Our gender includes a multifaceted combination of beliefs, behaviors, and characteristics. How do we act, behave, and talk like a man or a woman? Each one of us has a sex, a gender, and a gender identity that are all aspects of our sexuality. These aspects describe who we are, in different personalities and attributes but related. SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s categories for what is masculine and feminine mayRead MoreThe Institutions Of Classroom Dynamics944 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe institutions of classroom dynamics in educational settings reveal social differences in the American educational system. Within the American educational system, students and teachers alike are subject to both visible and invisible forms of inequality and difference. Within this system, concepts, such as the double bind, subordination of women, and androcentrism expose how both student/teacher dynamics and student/student dynamics define gendered boundaries. Moreover, these boundaries perpetuate
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Such an intense focus has been placed on quarterly earnings as an indication of a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s success by everyone from analysts to executives that ethics have for the most part been thrown out the window, sacrificed to the all important number, i.e. earnings per share. This is the theory in Alex BerensonÃ¢â¬â¢s book Ã¢â¬Å"The Number: How the Drive for Quarterly Earnings Corrupted Wall Street and Corporate America.Ã¢â¬ This number has become part of a game to be played, a figure to be manipulated Ã¢â¬â beat the number and Wall Street all but throws a parade, miss it and a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s stock may be abandoned. Take into account the incentives that executives have to beat the number and one can find plenty of reasons to manage earnings. In the first part ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦225) but laments in the afterword that in the years since the book was written nothing has changed, that investors are still unaware and blindly investing in companies in which they k now nothing about beyond their reported numbers. Having absolutely no stock market experience, I was very interested in the history that was laid out in the book, and the way that the stock market has morphed from what it started as to what it is today. Ã¢â¬Å"The NumberÃ¢â¬ is a great primer, skillfully written, giving the average Joe background and fundamentals about the stock market to help readers begin to form their own opinions independently rather than only using Wall Street research. The footnotes of the book give great information, tips and nuggets of wisdom along the way Ã¢â¬â very similar to the way that the footnotes of financial statements can be very informative. This is a great book to use to get your feet wet on the stock market and corporations today. The point of view that Berenson has in this book is that the market should be more heavily regulated, that regulatory agencies should crack down harder on accountants, and that prosecuting and jailing offender s is the only way to stop bad behavior. While I agree with this point of view, I also believe that it will always be an ongoing battle. The world is in constant change Ã¢â¬â people, politicians, technology, companies, etc. Ã¢â¬â and the regulatory agencies willShow MoreRelatedSolution Manual, Test Bank and Instructor Manuals34836 Words Ã |Ã 140 PagesPratt William Kulsrud Solution Manual 2011 Corporate, Partnership, Estate and Gift Taxation, 5th Edition_James W. Pratt, William N. Kulsrud (SM+TB+IG w TB) 2011 Individual Taxation, 5th Edition_James W. Pratt, William N. Kulsrud (SM+TB) A First Book of C++, 4th Edition_Gary J. Bronson (SM+TB+IM) A First Course in the Finite Element Method, 5th Edition_Daryl L. Logan (SM) A First Course in the Finite Element Method, SI Version, 5th Edition_ Daryl L. Logan (SM) A Framework for Marketing ManagementRead MoreChannel Conflict When Adding Internet Channel on Existing Store Based Retailer23250 Words Ã |Ã 93 PagesCONTENTS Page Acknowledgments Executive Summary Introduction Internet as a marketing channel Multi-channel system Research problem Research question one Research question two Research question three Research question four Delimitations Literature review Benefits from multi-channel retailing Challenges of a multi-channel system Channel conflict Causes of conflict Impact of channel conflict Approaches to minimize channel conflict Methodology Empirical evidence/ Discussion of findings Demographics Research
Many of the mainline religions have the ultimate goal of receiving enlightenment. Most of which, enlightenment comes in the form of eternal afterlife in a superior setting with the higher power. Buddhism however, reaches enlightenment or also known as Nirvana by escaping the cycle of rebirth. Buddhism has been around as a religion for quite some time now an in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society it may seem too be viewed a bit different but still the main principles it was founded on still stand. Buddhism gets more in detail and specific if it is being observed to that extent, into three branches also known as vehicles. Theravada (the small vehicle) even called Hinayana is one branch, Mahayana (the large vehicle), and Vayrayana (the thunderbolt, orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The First Noble Truth is that life is suffering. Dukkha in Pali stands for life is suffering, but what some people fail to realize is that an opinion that life is bad or suffering. In Buddhism it is realized that life bein g suffering is a reality to everyone and an outlook on life. As we go through life we lose loved ones to death, friends for many various reason, and etc. From the Buddhism perspective there is no way to escape the things in life that cause suffering and therefore looking for the good things in life or things believed to bring happiness are pointless. Birth is suffering; decay is suffering; illness is suffering; death is suffering. Presence of objects we hate is suffering; separation from objects we love is suffering; not to obtain what we desire is suffering. (Young, 2005) Complete understanding of this First Noble Truth is important to be able to prosper along with following and understanding the proceeding Truths. With the First Nobel Truth being life is suffering (dukkha); it leads to the Second Noble Truth (Tanha) which states suffering is caused by craving. It is that craving that leads back to birth, along with the lure and the lust that lingers longingly now here, now there: namely, the craving for sensual pleasure, the craving to be born again, the craving for existence to end. (Young, 2005) In other religions this craving too in similar manners is a down fall to humanity. Hinduism is the most similarShow MoreRelatedDifferences Of Theravada And Mahayana Buddhism1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages There are two major divisions of Buddhism. These two major divisions are Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism. Both of these divisions of Buddhism are similar but also different in some aspects. Theravada Buddhism is known as the traditions of the elders and Mahayana Buddhism is known as the expansive way. I will talk about three difference in Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism. There are also many lit tle differences in both they will also be brought up in the describing the two divisions. OneRead MoreThe Main Elements Of The Doctrine Of Salvation1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesINTRODUCTION Buddhism is one of the oldest religion in the world. It was founded by Siddhartha Gautama during the sixth century B.C. SiddharthaÃ¢â¬â¢s life is divided into three periods: enjoyment (563-534 B.C), enquiry (534-528 B.C) and enlightenment (528-483 B.C). He became the Buddha (meaning Ã¢â¬Å"the enlightened oneÃ¢â¬ ) after he resisted the temptations of MÃ ¢ra, the evil one. Then he devoted his life guiding people into the way to enlightenment or salvation. There are two main branches in Buddhism: Ã¢â¬Å"MahayanaÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Jataka Tale Of The Hungry Tigress947 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprotagonist to the practice and teachings of the Arahat of the Theravada school, the Bodhisattva of the Mahayana school and the follower of the quicker path to Buddhahood of the Vajrayana school. However, the self-sacrificial actions of the bodhisattva at the end of the tale is analogous to the Guru of the school of Vajrayana, leading one to believe that this story best follows the thunderbolt v ehicle of Vajrayana. In the school of Theravada Buddhism, one strives to become an Arahat, Ã¢â¬Å"one who has attainedRead MoreHinduism And Buddhism And Hinduism1276 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOut of the worlds many beliefs and religions, Buddhism and Hinduism make of about 20% of them (The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050). Hinduism and Buddhism are the most influential and popular in the eastern hemisphere, mostly in and around the Asian continent. These two religions have similar ideologies. So much so that many say that Buddhism is an appendage of Hinduism. Such religions have different religious structures, which allow broader interpretations toRead MoreThe Philosophy Of Theravada Buddhism Essay2239 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesTheravada Buddhism is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"representative school of the earliest of the branches of BuddhismÃ¢â¬ , as it is also known as Ã¢â¬Å"Hinayana or the small vehicleÃ¢â¬ (Young). Founded by Buddha, this branch of religion is extremely simil ar to Hinduism in the fact that it seeks to help people reach a state of liberation from the cycle of Earthly rebirth, but one major difference is that Buddhism Ã¢â¬Å"emerged from the Buddha s honest and penetrating assessment of the human conditionÃ¢â¬ instead of focusing on theRead MoreTheravada Buddhism And The Human Condition Essay2258 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesTheravada Buddhism is known to be the Ã¢â¬Å"a representative school of the earliest of the branches of BuddhismÃ¢â¬ , as it is also known as Ã¢â¬Å"Hinayana or the small vehicleÃ¢â¬ (Young). Founded by Buddha, this branch of religion is extremely similar to Hinduism in the fact that it seeks to help people reach a state of liberation from the cycle of Earthly rebirth, but one major difference is that Buddhism Ã¢â¬Å"emerged from the Buddha s honest and penetrating assessment of the human conditionÃ¢â¬ instead of focusingRead MoreWat Buddharangsi Of Miami : Theravada Buddhist Temple1799 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMiam i: Theravada Buddhist Temple Site visit: Saturday, 7/15/2016, 2 hour meditation Interviewee: Sunny Ã¢â¬Å"Our life is shaped by our mind; we become what we think. Suffering follows an evil thought as the wheels of a cart follow the oxen that draw it. Our life is shaped by our mind; we become what we think. Joy follows a pure thought like a shadow that never leaves.Ã¢â¬ (Siddhartha Guatamma) This is one of the many wise words spoken from the kindhearted Buddha. After my brief study of Buddhism I feel
Question: Discuss about the Conceptual Model Management Information System. Answer: Introduction: A marketing information system is a specially designed management information system that supports marketing decisions(Cook, 2008). It comprises of a system that gathers, stores, manages, analyses, and distributes information to managers according to their needs. Data for marketing systems is often collected from sources inside and outside of the organization. It encompasses a set of structured procedure and methods that regular collect and plan data for analysis and presentation that can help making useful marketing decisions. The scope for a marketing information system is to continuously collect data systematically from various sources. Such data yields a variety of information on marketing success and ensures stable operations. Incorporating a marketing information system is extremely important as it strengthens economics of the company and helps takes decisions pertaining to customer behavior and demands. Nature and Purpose of Marketing Information systems The purpose of marketing information system is primarily to strengthen decision making criteria to rely on specific customer needs and better understand the surrounding environment. Thus, marketing information system encompasses people, equipment, analytical tools, techniques, data collection procedures that enables evaluation for taking important decisions(Srensen, 2010). It helps integrate market-monitoring systems along with strategy development as well as implementation of policies as well as procedures which further allows to take steps on customer management applications with marketing decisions support systems. The primary reasons to adopt a marketing information system are; To understand market segments and consumer demands, especially when a company is expanding in the national or international sphere. Consumer brand preferences in their increasing incidence of their income. Marketing Information System helps analyze data pertaining to any information that might be important in making customer choice. Movement of markets from prices to non-price grounds that determine competition is another pertinent area that is catered to by marketing information systems. Thus, the primary advantages of a marketing information system, is that its helps organized data collection, has a broader perspective that helps categories information, helps store relevant data, avoids any sort of crisis, co-ordinates processes, analyses and support planning, allows controlling of processes. But marketing information systems also has potential risks. Key Components The key components of marketing information system comprises of user interfaces, application software, database marketing and system support. User Interface: Existence of a user interface allows effective analysis and use of marketing information. Application software: These are referred to as programs that help collect, analyze and manage data. Database marketing: These are systems where marketing data is arranged, stored and organized. System support: It consists of managers and system administrators that maintains and manages software and hardware as well as network. Along with these components marketing information systems also includes Marketing Decision Support Systems(MDSS), which can be Microsoft Excel, SPSS, online analytical tool aiding data collection procedures and so on. Data is analyzed from data warehouse, that consists of a data repository system which lets store as well as process internal as well as externally collected data. References Cook, R. L. (2008). U.S. Patent No. 7,340,411. Washington. DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Srensen, C. G. (2010). Conceptual model of a future farm management information system. . Computers and electronics in agriculture, 37-47.